Iceland is a relatively large island in the Atlantic Ocean. Nearest neighboring country is Greenland, just 286 km (180 miles) away, followed by the Faroe Islands 420 km (260 miles), Scotland 795 km (495 miles), and Norway 950 km (590 miles).
Iceland is located near the Arctic Circle, and half the land-mass of Grímsey, an island off the North coast of Iceland, lies within the Arctic Circle.
Iceland is the second largest island in Europe, following Great Britain, and the 18th largest island in the world. The island itself stretches across 103,000 km2 (40,000 square miles), and is about the same size as Hungary and Portugal, or Kentucky and Virginia.
The coastline is 4,970 km, and Iceland maintains a 200 nautical-miles exclusive economic zone.
With almost 80% of the country uninhabited, much of Iceland's terrain consists of plateaux, mountain peaks, and fertile lowlands. There are many long, deep fjords and glaciers, including Europe's largest, Vatnajökull. The landscape is characterized by waterfalls, geysers, volcanoes, black sandy beaches, and lava fields.